Indonesian Tour II
Sergei Rachmaninoff (1
and studied at the St. Petersburg and Moscow Conservatories. He had
legendary technical faculties and rhythmic drive, and his large hands
were able to cover the interval of a
on the keyboard. Following the
Revolution of 1917, he and his family emigrated to the
and his music was banned in Russia.. They never returned to their
homeland. He died in
Frederic Chopin (1810 – 1849)
Franz Liszt (October
of the 19th century. He took piano lessons from Czerny and composition
lessons from Salieri. In 1823, he moved with his family to Paris, from
where he toured widely as a pianist. Influenced by the phenomenal
violinist Paganini, he turned his attention to the development of a
similar technique as a pianist. In 1848 he settled in Weimar as Director
of Music Extraordinary, accompanied by Princess Sayn-Wittgenstein and
turning his attention now to composition and in particular to the
creation of a new form, the symphonic poem. Most of his music is for the
piano and much of it requires formidable technique.
Henry Eccles (1671 – 1742) was an
English violinist and composer from the baroque era. He was born in
London (England) and died in Paris (France). He was the second son of
Solomon Eccles who was also a musician. Henry worked as Musician to King
William III and Queen Mary II and later for Queen Anne (1701- 1714).
However, conceiving himself neglected in England, he went to Paris and
played in the court of King Louis XIV. In 1720 he published there, in
two books, 'Twelve Solos for the Violin'. One of his famous works is
theSonata for Cello and Piano in G minor.
Olivier Messiaen (December 10, 1908 – April 27, 1992) was a French organist and composer. He entered the Paris Conservatoire at the age of 11, and studied with Paul Dukas, Maurice Emmanuel, Charles-Marie Widor, Marcel Dupré and others. Messiaen's music is rhythmically complex (he was interested in rhythms from ancient Greek and from Hindu sources), and is harmonically and melodically based on his own innovation. Messiaen’s work includes Louange à l’éternité de Jésus, a composition written for violin, clarinet, cello and piano. This piece has a meditative and religious melody from the opening until the end.
Gabriel Fauré (May 12, 1845 – November 4, 1924) was a French composer, organist, pianist, and teacher. He was the foremost composer of his generation and his musical style influenced many 20th century composers. His work was based on a strong understanding of harmonic structures which he received at the École Niedermeyer from his harmony teacher Gustave Lefèvre. Fauré was a prolific composer. He wrote chamber music; piano quartets, piano quintets, cello sonatas, violin sonatas; operas, “Après un rêve” (After a Dream) Op. 7. His composition “Élégie pour violoncelle et orchestre”, Op. 24 (Elegy for cello and orchestra, opus 24), was written in 1880. Originally for cello and piano, the piece was orchestrated by Fauré in 1890 at the request of conductor Edouard Colonne. Elegy features a sad and somber opening and climaxes with an intense, fast-paced section that symbolizes the despair of love.
Ludwig van Beethoven (December
He was an important figure in the transitional period between the
music. Born in
he moved to
in his early twenties and settled there, studying with
and quickly gaining a reputation as a virtuoso pianist. Beethoven's
beginning in his twenties, yet he continued to compose masterpieces, and
and perform, even after he was
known especially for the subtlety, richness and poignancy of his music.
have become staples of the concert
was a prolific
from the baroque era. Bach created masterpieces in every baroque form
except opera. He was recognized as the most eminent organist,
harpsichordist, and improviser. He was little known outside Germany, and
by the time of his maturity, the baroque style had started to go out of
fashion and many people thought his works too heavy, complex, and
polyphonic. His music was largely forgotten for years after his death,
though a few later composers were aware of his genius; but in 1829 Felix
Mendelssohn presented Bach’s St. Matthew Passion, and Bach’s music has
been the daily bread of every serious musician since then.
Benjamin Britten (November 22, 1913 – December 4, 1976) was a British composer, conductor, violist, and pianist. Britten was born in Lowestoft in Suffolk. He showed musical gifts very early in life. He began composing prolifically as a child. Britten was an exceptionally accomplished pianist, and frequently performed in chamber music or accompanying lieder. However, apart from the Piano Concerto (1938) and the Diversions for piano and orchestra (written for Paul Wittgenstein in 1940), he wrote very little music for the instrument. He wrote chamber music, orchestral works, music for ballet, opera, cello suite, etc.
Antonín Dvořák (September
Dvořák wrote in a variety of forms: his nine
generally stick to classical models, but he also worked in the newly
form and the influence of
is apparent in some works. Many of his works also show the influence of
Czech folk music, both in terms of rhythms and melodic shapes; perhaps
the best known examples are the two sets of
Dvořák also wrote
songs, choral music, and
Iannis Xenakis (May 29, 1922 - February 4, 2001) was a Romanian-born composer of Greek parentage and one of the most important modernist composers of the 20th century. He’s a pioneer in the use of computing in the process of composition, sometimes with a mathematical allocation of instrumental notes within a large tapestry of sound.
(1903 - 1978 was an Armenian composer and pupil of Gnesin and
Myaskovsky. His works are often influenced by Armenian folk-music. They
include a piano concerto (originally with a part for flexatone,
imitating an Armnian folk-instrument), a violin concerto, cello
concerto, three symphonies, ballets (Gayaneh, and Spartacus, choral -,
piano - and chamber works.
Ismail Marzuki (1914 – 1958) was an Indonesian pianist and great composer. He learnt a lot from Dutch musicians and started composing after the Japanese occupation. He was motivated to compose at times during which the Japanese government banned western music. His works include Sepasang Mata Bola, Selendang Sutra, Gugur Bunga, Rayuan Pulau Kelapa, Wanita, etc.
Saiful Bahri is a conductor and composer from Indonesia. He was the leader of Orkes Studio Djakarta (OSD) until 1950s. He came from Kayutanan, Sumatra Tengah, and was considered to be a talented musician. Some composers including Iskandar, Ismail Marzuki, Mochtar Embut, and others, assisted him in composing. His works are intuitive and simple. Bahri’s compositions include Kerudung Putih, Lagu Untuk Anakku, etc.
Slamet Abdul Sjukur
Composer with a lot of different jobs. Teacher of 'Mandala' Kinder-Garten in Surabaya, Lecturer for the Magister Program (S-2) in STSI (Sekolah Tinggi Seni Indonesia) Surakarta etc. History:
Head of Jakarta Arts Comittee Head of the Indonesian Composers Association
Got fired from the Jakarta Institute of Art and Suara Surabaya FM. Received Awards: Golden Record of l'Academie Charles Cros, France; L'Officier de l'Ordre des Arts et des Lettres, France and from the Millenium Hall of Fame at the American Biographical Institute. Also received the: Medaille Commemorative Zoltan Kodaly, Hungary.
His scores and recordings are conserved in: SACEM/ Societe d'Authors, Compositeurs et Editeurs de Musique, Paris; CDMC/ Centre de Documentation de Musiques Contemporaines, Paris; ARION recording publishers, Paris; Radio Nederland WERELD OMROEP, Hilversum; and AMERICAN GAMELAN INSTITUTE, California, USA
He also produces and publishes CD's for his friends.
Jln. Lebak Bulus II / 20 A, Cilandak – Jakarta 12430, INDONESIA